Culture: the cry of men in face of their destiny
Published on 14 April 2011
Haiti, the "land of a thousand colours"
Haiti is characterized by a rich and diversified culture: the creativity of its artists, the country's cultural heritage and the diversity of its cultural expressions are crucial for Haitian memory and the vitality of its people. These factors constitute the fundamental pillars of Haiti's social cohesion.
The Carnival, a living heritage expression that each year brings together thousands of Haitians from the entire country, is the social highlight of the year for most Haitians. The cultural sector represents an important source of income and employment for many Haitians.
Creative industries, such as crafts, books and music, are critical to the country's economic development (artisans make up 10 per cent of the workforce or roughly 400,000 people). Haiti also possesses significant cultural sites: The National History Park an early 19th century complex, comprising the Palace of Sans Souci, the buildings at Ramiers and, in particular, the Citadel serve as universal symbols of liberty, being the first monuments to be constructed by black slaves who had gained their freedom, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1982.
Another cultural highlight is - the colonial city of Jacmel founded in 1698 over an ancient pre-Colombian village, and placed on Haiti's "Tentative List" of World Heritage in 2004.
Culture plays a central role in the lives of Haitian people. We understood this on the day after the earthquake, when we saw paintings and craft objects on sale in the devastated streets...Today, more than a year after the earthquake, there has emerged a whole series of art objects made out of the materials retrieved from the ruins.
Immediately after the earthquake struck on 12 January 2010, UNESCO mobilized resources to help the Haitian people and to stand alongside its Government. The Organization's primary role is to coordinate the activities of the various actors, strengthen national capacities and achieve priority long-term structuring actions. In April 2010, the UNESCO Executive Board established the International Coordination Committee for the Safeguarding of Haitian Cultural Heritage (ICC) in line with the national reconstruction plan.
The ICC's mission is to coordinate all interventions in the field of culture in Haiti and to mobilize resources for this purpose. It established a "roadmap", composed of a number of recommendations such as updating the law for the protection of the national heritage, creating an inventory of the capital Port-au-Prince and of Jacmel, identifying the most endangered intangible cultural expressions, organizing the safeguarding of records, books and other movable cultural property, collecting data, and developing methodological tools in the cultural industries sector.
Culture as a vector for development and social cohesion, source of rebirth
Culture is more frequently emerging as a essential resource in post-disaster and post-conflict situations. In addition to its contribution to economic development, culture gives meaning and value to the identity and continuity of human societies. Its impact is essential in situations such as the one Haiti has faced since January 2010. For this reason, UNESCO immediately advocated the integration of culture in the reconstruction strategies as a fundamental source of renewal and social cohesion and is mobilizing its energies alongside the Haitian people and its Government.
Haitian authorities have adopted the "Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti", which places a high priority on culture. This constitutes both a national strategy driven by political will and an appeal to international cooperation mechanisms.
UNESCO invites: Member States, institutions, multilateral organizations, development banks, private sector actors and civil society organizations to an event designed to demonstrate the importance of culture as a motor for reconstruction in Haiti. Projects for which funding is been sought will be presented at the conference.
The proposed actions will focus on fifteen projects covering five main sectors: world heritage (cultural and natural), intangible cultural heritage, movable heritage (museums, archives, libraries), cultural industries and cultural policies.
The projects encompass the rehabilitation of the built heritage (the Historic Centre of Jacmel), technical assistance (development planning for museums and cultural institutions), inventorying with a view to safeguarding intangible cultural heritage (inventories in Léogâne), activities to revitalize cultural industries for youth and disadvantaged populations, and creating a legal framework to support cultural policies.
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